Researchers analyzed the antibody formation to BMP-2, bovine collagen and human collagen. The study authors noted three prospective clinical studies investigating rhBMP-2 use in single-level lumbar spinal arthrodesis. Two studies applied rhBMP-2 to an absorbable collagen sponge for lumbar interbody fusion and the other study investigated rhBMP-2 applied to ceramic and collagen compression-resistant matrix for instrumented posterolateral fusion.
The researchers found a BMP-2 antibody formation in 0.8 percent and in 6.4 percent of the rhBMP-2 patients. The control groups experienced 0-2.3 percent antibody formation rates. No neutralizing antibodies were detected and the formation of BMP-2 antibodies that peaked within the first three months postoperatively had returned to baseline by the one-year mark.
According to the report, adverse event rates were comparable between the antibody-positive and antibody-negative patients.
Related Articles on Spine Surgery:
Study Shows Good Results for IV Acetaminophen Administration for Pediatric Spine Surgery
Study: Spinal Stenosis Patients Treated Quicker Have Better Outcomes
Study: Lumbar Disc Arthroplasty Shows Better Results Than Fusion for DDD
Study: BMP Antibody Formation Not Associated With ComplicationsWritten by Laura Dyrda | Thursday, 01 December 2011 18:38
A recent study published in Spine showed that the formation of anti-BMP-2 antibodies is low and transient in spinal fusion patients, and the formation of antibodies doesn't affect fusion rates or have clinical sequelae.
© Copyright ASC COMMUNICATIONS 2014. Interested in LINKING to or REPRINTING this content? View our policies here.
New from Becker's Orthopedic & Spine Review